“Penal substitution is more than unjust, it is by definition impossible!” This line of thought represents an important objection leveled … Continue reading Can Legal Philosophy Help Us Make Sense of Penal Substitution? (TGC Canada)
Penal substitutionary atonement, the doctrine according to which Christ died to pay the penalty for our sins, is crucial to … Continue reading Jonathan Edwards on Penal Substitution
An article I wrote defending a version of penal substitutionary atonement just came out in “Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie … Continue reading Do We Believe in Consequences? Revisiting the “Incoherence Objection” to Penal Substitution
The following is a summary/notes of Mark Murphy’s article, “Not Penal Substitution but Vicarious Punishment.” (Faith and Philosophy, 26.3, 2009) … Continue reading Not Penal Substitution But Vicarious Punishment
The atonement is the subject of intense interest among not only theologians, but Christians in general. This may be due … Continue reading Sacrifice and Atonement
It’s a sort of tricky question. How does Barth understand Penal Substitution? I was once told that Barth definitely saw … Continue reading Does Karl Barth Hold to a Version of Penal Substitution?
Atonement is both penal and substitutionary – here is John Webster on what is happening on the cross: He becomes, … Continue reading Atonement is Penal and Substitutionary